||Shabtis made in a form of a mummy were a kind of the grave goods. Because they were believed to work on behalf of the deceased in the afterlife, so Shabti holds agriculture tools in both hands, and a sack containing seeds for sowing is hung over his shoulder to the back.
This Shabti was made for a priest called Tef-Nakht presumed to live sometime
between year 664 to 30 B.C. that means from the 26th Dynasty to the end
of the Late Period.
Body of this Shabti is inscribed with 7 lines of hieroglyphs to be read
from the right to the left. The beginning of the inscription gives us information
about the name of the deceased as well as names of his parents and functions
that he fulfilled in his lifetime followed by a conventional phrase quoted
from the 6th chapter of "The Book of the Dead". From the inscription
we also learn that Tef-Nakht supervised works in a quarry as well as administrated
works of "phyle". The word "phyle" is of Greek origin
and in Egypt meant groups of people employed for a part-time temple service,
working teams or fulfilled funerary rites.
Egyptians believed in the afterlife, so the tomb furnishings were supposed to make the afterlife abundant and comfortable. Personal belongings or small models of them were buried with a deceased.
|Shabti, Egypt, Late Period, Faience, H: 17.3 cm