A conflict between nomadic tribes in Central Asia in the 2nd century B.C. stimulated a great migration of all nomadic people. In result from the 2nd to 4th century B.C. the Scythians were pushed out from Central Asia to move to the north-western and central part of South Asia - to Sogdiana, Bactria, Gandhara and Kashmir.
In the 1st century B.C. the Scythians established the Indo-Scythian kingdom in Gandhara and the Indus Valley, and expanded their territory conquering north-western India. However, in the beginning of the 1st century A.D. they were defeated by another nomadic power, the Yuezhi called also Saka - the founders of the Kushan Empire, and have fallen under their control.
The Scythian art is famous for gold and bronze adornments which main motives were animals. These pins were used to fasten garment. The one on the right has the needle made of bronze and the decoration depicting two entwined serpents is made of gold. The left one is all made of bronze. It is decorated with an ornament of a stylized bird with wings spread so as their tips reach the bird’s beak and the whole forms a round shape. The part of the ornament is covered with a gold sheet. The bracelet in the middle is decorated with ornaments in a shape of doe's heads, and these ornaments are also wrapped in sheet gold. This technique is characteristic for the Indo-Scythian adornments.
Adornments, Indo-Scythian, ca. 2nd century B.C., Bronze and Gold,
H: 16 cm、7 cm、13 cm